7834342Myitkyina, the capital city of Kachin State, located 1,480 kilometers (920 mi) from Yangon, and 785 kilometers (488 mi) from Mandalay. In Burmese it means “near the big river”, and Myitkyina is on the west bank of the Ayeyarwady River, just below 40 kilometers (25 mi) from Myit-son (Burmese for confluence) of its two headstreams (the Mali and N’mai rivers). It is the northernmost river port and railway terminus in Myanmar. Myitkyina Airport is the main airport serving the city and connects to the cities of Putao and Mandalay. The Mandalay to Myitkyina railway has been used for 100 years without repairing the tracks. It takes almost 24 hours because of old and bad railway tracks. This railway is major transportation for all kind of goods.

    As the capital of the state, it has government offices, and a greater population (approximately 150,000, with a mix of Kachin, Shan, Bamar peoples and some Chinese and Indians) than other cities in the state. Foreigners are now free to visit Myitkyina without prior government permission. Major religions are Theravada Buddhism and Christians (Roman Catholic and Baptist are major denominations). Other religions such as animism, Hinduism and Islam are also practised. Hsu TaungPyiZedi, Sri Saraswati Temple, KachinManao Park – the area in which the annual Kachin Mano Festival is held every year on 10 January and Kachin Cultural Museum – a museum about the culture of the Kachin and Shan.


    myitkyinaPauto is located in the northernmost town of Kachin State. It is a flat land of 300sq miles situated at an altitude of 1342 ft above sea level and is surrounded by snow clad mountain with a cool climate. It is close to the Mt. Hkakabo Razi, the highest mountain in Myanmar. Hkakabo Razi is snowcapped year round and 5889 meters high.

    It is famous for the variety of endemic birds and rare orchids, which grow naturally. Many orchid lovers are especially attracted by the so-called “Black Orchid” that can be found in the mountains east and west of Putao. Hkakabo Razi and other snow-capped mountains are visible from Putao. It attracts also enthusiasts, hiking to Hkakabo Razi base camp, located close to Tahaundam. It is a restricted area and it can be reached by flight. Also permission is needed to visit Pauto.